He does this to prevent generalization among readers and to prevent them from claiming that he held a belief that he did not. How are the "tyranny of the corporate state" and the "Huxleyan tyranny" combined to undermine critical political discourse? Television, on the other hand, is an inherently secular space in which a viewer can change the channel and will soon be subjected to commercials even if she doesn't. Without a medium, certain content would fail to exist. Spectacle became the discourse of information, rather than serous content. Chapter Summary for Neil Postman's Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business, part 2 chapter 8 summary. The concept of decontextualized news – the "Now…this" mentality – is doubly true on the Internet, where one can gather triple the amount of information his or her parents could in half the time and yet not necessarily have any context in which to understand that information. What is the bias of television? Amusing Ourselves to Death, Chapter 1, end of chapter. 2. Part I. Explain the Distinction he makes between a technology and a medium? 26. The same information could not be relevant to someone in Maine and also relevant to someone in Texas. 15. The crossword puzzle created a context for information that otherwise did not have one. In order to show that the new media-metaphor has led "much of our public discourse [to] become dangerous nonsense," he must discuss how American public discourse was once more rational, but has now denigrated into an uglier animal. He states that "television-based epistemology pollutes public communication and its surrounding landscape, not that it pollutes everything" (28). Why was the influence of the printed word in every arena of public discourse so insistent and powerful? Postman is claiming that when printed word was the sole source of knowledge, public figures were known and remembered by what they had written, not by their appearance, and would be judged based upon their ideas and arguments. Explain the connection. Foreward Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Themes All Themes Form and Content Typography vs. The television as a medium allows sound and picture to be used simultaneously. In some way or another, a message will be conveyed when the medium is printed word. What does he mean when he says "what I am claiming here is not that television is entertaining but that it has made entertainment itself the natural format for the representation of all experience"? Chapter 1: the Medium Is the Metaphor. Chapter 1: In Chapter 1 of the novel, Amusing Ourselves to Death, by Neil Postman, the concept of the “media metaphor” is introduced. chapter 11. Chapter 2 – Media as Epistemology. What is the relationship between the forms of communication and the quality of the culture? What lessons does he want us to see here? Postman does not believe that the increased audience afforded to discourse like politics and religion justifies the compromise that television requires of them. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. Children learn by doing, not simply be receiving information, and yet television is incapable of engaging a student. However, one could argue that the increased audience does justify the compromises by suggesting that people are not typically inclined to pursue intellectual or spiritual outlets on their own. Explain what Postman means in calling the intersection of telegraphy and photography the "Peek-a-Boo World.". basically 'the ways we define and regulate our ideas of truth"(18). Amusing ourselves to death. His reasoning is different with respect to each arena, but both arguments boil down to the fact that television does not deliver an authentic and honest experience. He claims that "no matter what is depicted"(87), anything delivered by television will be seen as entertainment, or solely "for our amusement and pleasure" (87). Postman claims that "entertainment is the supra-ideology of all discourse on television" (87). 1. What is the lesson of all great television commercials? Students must create 6 questions that are related to the assumptions and to the reading in chapter 11 The Huxleyan Warning. It only dictates. What are the lessons de draws by explaining "three cases of truth telling"? With a vast amount of information being shared all the time, the period of time in which something is relevant and interesting is decreased. Politics are necessarily devalued into image politics through the television, which favors brevity, simplicity and imagery over deliberation and contemplation. The rise of social media has enhanced the way that people can present themselves as commodities or defined personalities that ultimately entertain one another rather than provide accurate personal descriptions. This summary is readily available in the study guide for this unit and has all the information you need to formulate... Chapter Three, Amusing Ourselves to Death. the invention of the clock led to the idea of living "moment to moment" (11), living life in "mathematically measurable sequences" (11). first example, he details the culture of a West African tribe that has no system of writing, instead using its "rich oral tradition" (18) to keep law. He hints that this discussion could establish TV as a medium in which proper discourse could take place. 3. Before discussing how the discussion went, he explained how it was formatted. 22. Image The History of Public Discourse and Media News and Entertainment Progress, Prediction, and the Unforeseen Future However, it is possible he does this for entertainment value, to keep his inherently academic book interesting to a general public. people were no longer limited to local ideas and knowledge and had the opportunity to explore ideas written by someone halfway across the country. Postman begins by discussing "Sesame Street." He suggests that our "media-metaphors classify the world for us, sequence it, frame it, enlarge it, reduce it, color it, argue a case for the what the world is like" (10). GradeSaver, 24 March 2013 Web. As a children's game, peek-a-boo involves revealing a silly face or image, and then taking it away immediately to be replaced with another. ... Chapter Three, Amusing Ourselves to Death . How is the threat of television commercials a threat to "freedom of information". Amusing Ourselves To Death. "is about the possibility that Huxley, not Orwell, was right" (Postman xx). He answers his question by saying that it is there "to create a mood and provide a leitmotif for the entertainment"(102). As relates to his thesis, a civilization's media-metaphor shapes its discourse by defining the way that civilization understands truth. This question is best answered in GradeSaver's summary and analysis for Chapter One of Postman's book, Amusing Ourselves to Death. Commercials are a threat to the "freedom of information" because they cause the illusion of freedom. Postman define a medium as "the social and intellectual environment a machine creates" (84). An oral culture will prize proverbs as the ideal repository of truth, whereas a written culture will value the permanence of the written word over proverbs. 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